Government Waec GCE Answers 2022
The primary function of the legislature is to make laws for the good and well-being of the people as well as for the order and security of the state. Such laws are made in accordance with the state’s constitution and in line with the standing laws and procedure that the assembly has stipulated.
– Representative Function: Legislature as a body composed of elected representatives of the people. Individual members of the legislature in a democracy are elected to represent their constituencies. They are thus expected to visit and consult their constituencies regularly to feel their pulse for better representation.
– Deliberative Function:
Essentially, the legislature is an arena for keen deliberations; and for this reason, it has been correctly described as a deliberative body. It deliberates on a wide range of issues bordering on welfare, economy, and security, among others.
– Confirmation of Nominations made by the Executive:
Under the constitution, the executive can only make nominations to major government positions as ministers, judges and ambassadors. Until these nominees are screened and confirmed by the legislature they remain only designates into positions. They can be deemed to have been validly appointed only after the approval of the legislature.
– Oversight Functions:
It is also the responsibility of the legislature (usually through a standing committee) to conduct investigations into the activities of government ministries, departments and agencies to overseeing, monitor and if need be, scrutinize the accounts and documents of government agencies in relation to the enabling legislation.
(i)Africa as Centre-piece: Nigeria has been consistent with this policy of Africa being the centre-piece of her foreign policy. The role Nigeria is playing in her membership of OAU and ECOWAS, such as giving of aids and assistance in financial terms, formation of ECOMOG, its role as a frontline state, etc, are facts supporting the above claim.
(ii) Respecting the principles governing international bodies: Nigeria has accepted to be a member of some of the global/regional organisations, thereby respecting the principles governing them, for example the U.N.O, Commonwealth, OAU, etc.
(iii)Promotion of World peace and Security: This is done in line with the objectives of U.N.O. Nigeria has been involved in peace-keeping operations globally and creation of pan-African defence force: This will help in making Africa to be strategically self-relia.
(iv)Friendly relations: Nigeria has established friendly and diplomatic relations with member states of O.A.U and Non-interference in the domestic affairs of other States: Nigeria is respecting this objective, in line with the principles of the U.N.O, OAU, etc. In other words Non- Alignment Nigeria is keeping faith with the principles of Non-Alignment which states that member states should not support the ideological stance of the power blocs.
(v)Economic Cooperation: Nigeria took active part in the formation of ECOWAS. This was done to encourage economic co-operation and self-reliance among people of the sub-region. and the Unity and Solidarity Nigeria is at the forefront of promoting unity and solidarity among African States. In other words Sub-Regional disputes Nigeria is playing an active role in the settlement of disputes and also in conflict mediation in Africa. For example, the formation of ECOMOG was directed towards that end in the sub-region.